Amazon Data Engineer Interview Questions + Guide in 2024

Amazon Data Engineer Interview Questions + Guide in 2024Amazon Data Engineer Interview Questions + Guide in 2024


Amazon, a tech giant with over 1.5 million employees worldwide, is not just a leader in e-commerce but also a powerhouse in technology and innovation.

At the heart of its technological advancements lies the crucial role of data engineers, who are instrumental in managing and interpreting the vast amounts of data that drive Amazon’s success.

If you’re gearing up for a Data Engineering interview at Amazon and seeking questions that mirror the interview’s rigor and relevance, you’re in the right place.

Our guide is designed to prepare you for the types of questions you might encounter, giving you a competitive edge in your interview preparation.

What’s the Interview Process for a Data Engineer Like at Amazon?

Before we dive into the main part of our discussion, let’s first take a look at what the interview process for Amazon’s Data Engineering position is like.

Initial Application and Resume Screen

The process begins with your application submission. Amazon’s recruiting team reviews resumes to assess if your experience and qualifications align with the open position. This is a highly competitive stage, with many applicants not advancing past it. Ensure your resume clearly highlights your achievements and skills relevant to data engineering, and any experience with Amazon’s technologies or similar platforms.

Online Assessment (Optional for Junior/Internship Roles)

Following the initial screening, some candidates, especially those applying for junior or internship roles, might be invited to complete an online technical assessment. This assessment is designed to evaluate critical technical skills, with a focus on SQL querying, coding (often in Python), and data modeling. It serves as a preliminary gauge of the candidate’s technical abilities pertinent to the role.

First-Round Interviews

Successful candidates proceed to the first-round interviews, conducted via Amazon Chime or other virtual platforms. These interviews, lasting 45-60 minutes each, may be one or two in number. They typically blend technical and behavioral questions, with at least one interview focusing heavily on SQL, coding, and data modeling.

Second Round: Technical and Managerial Assessments

The second round deepens the technical evaluation. Expect questions on data engineering, networking, UNIX, Linux, database management, cloud technologies, and computer security. This stage might also include a managerial round, which tends to be more conversational, exploring your fit within the team and company culture.

Series of Onsite Interviews

Candidates who excel in previous rounds are invited to a series of onsite (or virtual) interviews. These consist of 4-6 rounds, each lasting about an hour, with various team members, including data engineers, software engineers, and hiring managers. The focus here is on both technical proficiency and alignment with Amazon’s leadership principles.

Bar Raiser Round

Amazon’s unique ‘bar raiser’ round is integral to its hiring process. A bar raiser—an experienced interviewer—evaluates whether a candidate can elevate the team’s current standard. This round is crucial as bar raisers maintain Amazon’s high hiring standards and are pivotal in the final hiring decision.

Final Interview and Hiring Decision (HR Round)

Candidates who perform well in all previous stages may proceed to the final interview, typically involving senior-level stakeholders. This stage is not just a technical assessment but a comprehensive evaluation of the candidate’s overall suitability for the role, considering both technical acumen and cultural fit. Following this round, the hiring team collates feedback from all stages to make the final hiring decision.

Post-Interview Process

After completing the interview stages, candidates can generally expect to receive feedback or a job offer within a few weeks to a couple of months. It’s recommended for candidates to send a thank-you note to their interviewers, showcasing professionalism and gratitude for the opportunity, which could leave a lasting positive impression.

What Questions Are Asked in an Amazon Data Engineering Interview?

Now that we’ve covered the usual interview process, let’s explore the typical questions asked in an Amazon Data Engineering interview.

1. ‘Why did you apply to our company?’ or ‘What makes you a good fit for our company?

Amazon interviewers ask this question to gauge your motivation, cultural fit, and understanding of the company’s values and business model. It’s crucial to show that you’ve done your research and align with Amazon’s principles and goals.

How to Answer

Focus on specific aspects of the company that resonate with you, such as its culture, products, or market position. Highlight how your skills, experiences, and career goals align with the company’s needs and future directions.


“I’m attracted to Amazon’s culture of innovation and customer obsession. My technical skills and experience in data engineering align well with Amazon’s focus on data-driven decision-making. I am particularly excited about the opportunity to work on large-scale projects that have a direct impact on customers, aligning with my career goal of creating technology solutions that enhance user experiences.”

2. Can you describe a time when you exceeded expectations on a project?

This question helps Amazon interviewers understand your ability to take initiative and deliver exceptional results, which are key traits for success in their dynamic work environment.

How to Answer

Provide a specific example where you went above and beyond the required tasks. Highlight your problem-solving skills, creativity, and commitment to achieving outstanding results.


“In my last role, I was tasked with optimizing a data pipeline. I not only improved its efficiency by 40%, but also implemented new features that significantly enhanced data quality and processing speed. This initiative not only exceeded the project’s initial goals but also resulted in a substantial decrease in processing costs.”

3. How would you answer questions about your strengths and weaknesses, or feedback from managers?

Amazon interviewers ask this to assess your self-awareness and ability to grow. It’s important to demonstrate a balance of confidence in your strengths and a willingness to address and improve upon your weaknesses.

How to Answer

Choose strengths that align with the job role and company culture. For weaknesses, pick areas that you’re actively working to improve and that aren’t critical to the job. Support your answer with examples.


“My manager would say that I excel in analytics and problem-solving, which are strengths I’ve leveraged to deliver impactful data-driven solutions. A constructive criticism might be my hesitation to delegate tasks. I’ve been working on this by building trust in my team’s capabilities and enhancing my leadership skills.”

4. Can you tell about a time when your colleagues disagreed with your approach? How did you handle it?

At Amazon, collaboration and innovation are key, and this question tests your ability to navigate disagreements constructively. It’s important to show your communication skills and openness to feedback.

How to Answer

Describe a situation where you faced opposition and how you used it as an opportunity for open dialogue and collaboration. Emphasize your ability to listen, adapt, and work towards a mutually beneficial solution.


“In a past project, my approach to data modeling was initially met with skepticism. I organized a meeting to discuss their concerns and presented my rationale. By openly discussing and incorporating their feedback, we improved the model and fostered a more collaborative team environment.”

5. What is your approach to resolving conflicts, especially with people you find challenging to work with?

Conflict resolution is an important skill in any workplace, including Amazon. This question tests your interpersonal skills and ability to maintain professional relationships even in difficult situations.

How to Answer

Discuss your strategies for staying objective and calm. Highlight the importance of empathy, active listening, and finding common ground. Give an example that shows your ability to navigate and resolve conflicts effectively.


“In a previous role, I had a conflict with a colleague due to a misunderstanding over project responsibilities. I requested a meeting to clarify our viewpoints. By actively listening and respecting each other’s perspectives, we were able to realign our goals and work more cohesively moving forward.”

6. Write a query to find all users who are currently “Excited” and have never been “Bored” with a campaign.

In an Amazon Data Engineer interview, this question evaluates your proficiency in SQL, particularly in handling complex query conditions. Amazon values engineers who can efficiently navigate large databases to extract relevant user behavior insights, critical for tailoring user experiences and marketing strategies.

How to Answer

Explain your approach step-by-step. Start by describing how to identify users who are currently “Excited”, then move on to filtering out any users who have ever been “Bored”. Emphasize your understanding of SQL functions and clauses like WHERE, GROUP BY, and HAVING.


“I would start by selecting user IDs from the impressions table where the latest impression is ‘Excited’. Then, I would use a subquery or a JOIN to exclude users who have any ‘Bored’ impressions.

7. Create a query to get the cost of all transactions by user, ordered by total cost descending

This question assesses your ability to write complex SQL queries involving joins and aggregate functions. Amazon seeks Data Engineers who can effectively organize and interpret transactional data, providing key insights into customer spending patterns and business performance.

How to Answer

Discuss the necessity of joining the tables to bring together user and transaction details. Then, explain how to use aggregate functions to calculate total cost per user, and finally sorting the results in descending order. Demonstrate your proficiency with JOIN, SUM(), and ORDER BY.


“To retrieve this data, I’d perform a JOIN operation between the users and transactions tables, then another JOIN with the products table to get product prices. I would use the SUM() function to calculate the total cost per user.

8. Write a query to find the average quantity of each product purchased per transaction each year.

This query-based question is likely asked by Amazon to gauge your ability to analyze temporal trends and aggregate data. For a Data Engineer at Amazon, such skills are essential for inventory planning, sales forecasting, and understanding seasonal customer behaviors.

How to Answer

Outline your approach to calculating averages and handling dates. Mention using GROUP BY to aggregate data by year and product, and the AVG() function for calculating average quantities. Stress the importance of rounding results for readability.


“I would use the YEAR() function to extract the year from the transaction date, then GROUP BY both year and product_id. The AVG() function will help calculate the average quantity, and I’d round it to two decimal places.

9. How can you increase recall for product search results at Amazon without changing the search algorithm?

This question evaluates your problem-solving skills and understanding of search functionality. Increasing recall is about retrieving more relevant results, a key aspect in improving user experience in e-commerce platforms like Amazon.

How to Answer

Discuss various strategies to increase recall, like optimizing data quality, enhancing metadata, or using alternative data sources. Highlight the importance of balancing recall with precision to maintain search relevance.


“One approach is to enrich product metadata with more keywords and synonyms to capture a broader range of search queries. Another way is to leverage user behavior data to understand common search patterns and adjust our data accordingly. This enhances recall without altering the search algorithm itself.”

10. What is the outcome of running logistic regression on a perfectly linearly separable dataset?

This technical question is relevant at Amazon to probe your understanding of machine learning and its implications on data modeling. It shows whether you can anticipate and interpret outcomes of common algorithms in scenarios typical at Amazon, such as customer classification or product recommendation.

How to Answer

Explain the concept of logistic regression and its behavior with linearly separable data. Discuss potential outcomes like perfect classification, and also mention the possibility of overfitting.


“In a perfectly linearly separable dataset, logistic regression would likely achieve perfect classification. However, this might lead to overfitting, where the model performs exceptionally well on training data but poorly on unseen data.”

11. When would you choose a bagging algorithm over a boosting algorithm in machine learning, and what are the tradeoffs?

This question tests your knowledge of ensemble methods in machine learning and their application. Understanding these concepts is vital for a data engineer, especially in a data-driven environment like Amazon.

How to Answer

Discuss the key differences between bagging and boosting, such as how they handle bias and variance. Explain scenarios where one might be preferred over the other and the tradeoffs involved, like model complexity and training time.


“I would choose a bagging algorithm when my primary concern is reducing variance and avoiding overfitting, as in the case of a noisy dataset. Boosting is preferable when I need to reduce bias, but it’s more prone to overfitting and generally requires more computational resources. The tradeoff is often between model accuracy and complexity.”

12. How would you set up an A/B test for changes in a sign-up funnel?

This question is relevant for a Data Engineer at Amazon as it tests your ability to apply data engineering principles to real-world problems like optimizing user experience. A/B testing is a critical tool for making data-driven decisions, especially in optimizing web interfaces like sign-up funnels.

How to Answer

Discuss the importance of defining clear metrics (like click-through rates), ensuring a representative sample, and controlling for variables. Emphasize the need for random assignment to A/B groups and setting an appropriate test duration and sample size.


“To set up this A/B test, I would first define the primary metric, which in this case is the click-through rate. I’d then randomly assign users to two groups - one experiencing the current setup (red button at the top) and the other the new setup (blue button at the bottom). It’s crucial to ensure that other factors remain constant across both groups. I would run the test for a sufficient duration to collect actionable data and then compare the click-through rates between the two groups to see if there’s a significant difference.”

11. How would you assess the validity of a .04 p-value result from an AB test?

Amazon values Data Engineers who can critically assess the results of A/B tests. This question tests your understanding of statistical concepts like p-values in determining the efficacy of changes made on platforms like Amazon’s e-commerce site.

How to Answer

Discuss the meaning of a p-value in the context of hypothesis testing. Explain that a p-value of .04 typically indicates a statistically significant result, but also consider the context of the test, the sample size, and the possibility of false positives.


“A p-value of .04 suggests that there’s only a 4% probability that the observed difference in conversion rates happened by chance, assuming the null hypothesis is true. However, assessing its validity also involves looking at the test’s sample size, the effect size, and the risk of Type I errors (false positives). We should also consider the practical significance of the results in a business context.”

12. How would you derive insights and analyze the distribution of conversations from a messaging data table?

This question tests a Data Engineer’s ability to extract actionable insights from communication data, a typical task at Amazon where understanding customer interactions is vital. It assesses your skills in database querying, data analysis, and interpretation.

How to Answer

Outline a structured approach to data analysis, including querying the database, aggregating data, and applying statistical methods to derive insights. Emphasize the importance of understanding user behavior through data.


“To derive insights from the messaging data, I would first write a SQL query to aggregate the total number of messages exchanged between users by date. I’d then analyze this data to identify patterns like peak messaging times or trends in user engagement. Visualizing this data would also help in understanding the distribution and identifying any outliers or anomalies.”

13. What is the probability that item X would be found on Amazon’s website?

This question assesses your ability to apply probability theory to real-world scenarios, crucial in Amazon’s inventory management. Understanding such probabilities aids in optimizing product availability, a key factor in Amazon’s customer satisfaction and operational efficiency.

How to Answer

Discuss how to calculate the probability in a real-world context, considering the independent availability of items in different warehouses. Highlight the importance of probability in decision-making processes at Amazon.


“Given the independent probabilities of item X being available in warehouses A and B, I would use the formula for combined probability. The calculation would be P(A or B) = P(A) + P(B) - P(A and B), leading to a 92% chance that item X is available in at least one warehouse and hence on Amazon’s website.”

14. What’s the probability of rolling at least one 3 with N dice?

This question assesses a Data Engineer’s understanding of probability and statistics, which are fundamental in analyzing and predicting data patterns. Such knowledge is crucial at Amazon for tasks like predicting user behavior or modeling business scenarios.

How to Answer

Explain the concept of probability, particularly focusing on the complementary probability in the context of dice rolls. Emphasize the application of these principles in data modeling and predictive analysis.


“The probability of not rolling a 3 with one die is 56. Therefore, the probability of not rolling a 3 with N dice is (56)^N. The complementary probability, or the chance of rolling at least one 3, is 1 - (56)^N. This kind of probability calculation is integral in data engineering for predictive modeling.”

15. How would you explain a p-value to a non-technical person?

This question tests your ability to demystify complex statistical concepts for a broader audience at Amazon. A Data Engineer must often translate technical data insights into understandable terms for stakeholders or team members who may not have a deep statistical background.

How to Answer

Focus on explaining the concept of a p-value in a way that relates to decision-making or hypothesis testing in business scenarios. Avoid technical jargon and use analogies if possible.


“Think of a p-value as a tool to measure how surprised we should be by our results. For example, if we assume a new feature has no impact on sales, a low p-value from testing this feature indicates that the results are surprising under this assumption. It suggests that, contrary to our initial belief, the feature likely does have an impact. Explaining p-values in this way helps in decision-making processes, especially when considering changes or new implementations.”

16. How would you design an end-to-end data architecture for a global e-commerce company, and what are the key considerations for the data warehouse solution, including ETL and reporting, as the company expands worldwide?

This question assesses your ability to design scalable and efficient data systems for handling complex e-commerce operations, a skill vital for a Data Engineer at a global company like Amazon.

How to Answer

Discuss the key components of a data architecture, including data ingestion, storage, processing, and reporting. Emphasize the importance of scalability, data integrity, and speed. Highlight the role of ETL processes and the need for real-time data analytics in a global context.


“In designing this architecture, I’d start with a robust ETL pipeline to ensure efficient data ingestion and transformation. For storage, a distributed system like Amazon Redshift would be ideal for handling large volumes of data. The architecture should support real-time analytics for timely reporting, and scalability is key to accommodate global expansion. It’s also crucial to ensure data security and compliance with international data laws.”

17. In building a feature that advises delivery personnel on optimal online times, how would you test its effectiveness in meeting delivery demand?

This question evaluates your approach to product metric analysis and testing in a real-world scenario, which is essential for improving operational efficiency and user experience at Amazon.

How to Answer

Discuss the importance of defining clear success metrics, such as response time reduction or increased delivery efficiency. Mention the use of control and test groups and highlight the need for a data-driven approach to evaluate the feature’s impact.


“To test the feature’s effectiveness, I would analyze key metrics like average delivery time and demand fulfillment rates before and after implementation. A/B testing could be employed by providing the feature to a test group while having a control group operate without it. This would allow for a clear comparison of operational efficiency between the two groups.”

18. As a Data Engineer managing a direct-to-consumer e-commerce business for socks, what key business health metrics would you prioritize on your dashboard?

This question aims to assess your ability to identify and monitor key performance indicators in an e-commerce environment, reflecting the kind of data-driven decision-making that is crucial at Amazon.

How to Answer

Identify the most relevant metrics, such as sales volume, customer acquisition cost, return rate, and customer satisfaction. Explain why each metric is important and how it helps in making informed business decisions.


“On the dashboard, I’d prioritize metrics like daily and monthly sales volume, average order value, customer acquisition cost, and return rate. These metrics provide insights into sales performance, customer behavior, and product satisfaction. Monitoring these metrics closely helps in identifying trends and making data-driven decisions for business growth.”

19. How would you assess the impact of Prime Music’s integration with Alexa devices on subscriptions?

This question gauges your aptitude for evaluating product integration success using data, a common task for Amazon Data Engineers. The focus is on understanding how integration affects user engagement and subscription metrics, key factors in Amazon’s product strategy.

How to Answer

Talk about setting up a framework to track user engagement metrics pre and post-integration. Mention the importance of analyzing subscription rates, user retention, and user engagement metrics to gauge the impact.


“To assess the impact, I would analyze the change in Prime Music subscription rates before and after the Alexa integration. Key metrics would include new subscriptions, user retention rates, and average usage duration. A significant positive change in these metrics post-integration would indicate a successful impact of the integration.”

20. Given a dataset of out-of-stock inventory, how would you analyze it?

This question tests your competency in analyzing inventory data, a significant aspect of Amazon’s supply chain and logistics. It aims to see how you can derive actionable insights and form business hypotheses from such data, impacting inventory management and distribution strategies.

How to Answer

Explain the approach to analyze the inventory data, such as calculating stock-out frequencies and distribution across countries. Discuss how to use this data to formulate hypotheses about supply chain efficiency or regional demand patterns.


“I would calculate metrics like the frequency of stock-outs per country and the number of products repeatedly out of stock. This analysis could lead to hypotheses about supply chain efficiency or varying regional demands. For example, frequent stock-outs in a particular region might indicate a higher demand or a logistical bottleneck in that area.”

21. How would you determine which products to put on sale for Black Friday to maximize profit using historical sales data?

This question is pertinent for a Data Engineer at Amazon, as it tests your ability to leverage historical data to make strategic decisions. The focus is on understanding patterns and trends in sales data to optimize pricing strategies for high-impact sales events like Black Friday.

How to Answer

Describe a data-driven approach that involves analyzing historical sales trends, product demand, and customer preferences. Highlight the importance of using predictive analytics to forecast sales response and profitability.


“I would analyze historical sales data to identify products that have shown increased demand during past Black Fridays. By examining sales volume, customer preferences, and pricing elasticity, I can forecast which products might yield the highest profitability when discounted. It’s also crucial to consider current market trends and inventory levels to make informed decisions.”

22. How would you approach the task of flagging users who post fake comments on Amazon?

Amazon may ask this to evaluate your methods for maintaining data integrity and quality on their platforms. It’s about assessing your ability to use data to identify and mitigate issues related to user-generated content, ensuring the reliability and trustworthiness of the platform.

How to Answer

Mention using data analysis and machine learning algorithms to identify and flag suspicious user behavior. Emphasize the importance of continuously updating and refining these algorithms to adapt to evolving tactics.


“I would create a model that analyzes user comment patterns and flags anomalies indicative of fake comments, like repetitive content or abnormal frequency. This model would be trained on historical data and continuously updated. For scalability, I’d automate the flagging process and periodically review its accuracy.”

23. How would you select a customer sample for a pre-launch test of a new show on Amazon Prime Video?

This question assesses your ability to use data for effective customer segmentation in a content streaming context. At Amazon, understanding customer preferences and predicting content performance are key components of a Data Engineer’s role, especially for services like Prime Video.

How to Answer

Discuss the importance of selecting a diverse and representative customer sample. Mention using data on viewing habits and preferences to choose participants who are likely to provide valuable feedback.


“I would analyze customer viewing data to identify a variety of preferences and demographics for the test group. This group would reflect a cross-section of our broader audience. The pre-launch test would involve monitoring engagement metrics like view completion rates and subsequent viewer behavior to assess the show’s potential success.”

24. What statistical test would you use to determine the effectiveness of different parcel types at Amazon?

This question assesses your expertise in applying statistical methods to operational challenges at Amazon, like parcel handling and logistics efficiency. A Data Engineer’s role at Amazon often involves using statistical analysis to improve operational processes and ensure effective delivery methods.

How to Answer

Suggest a suitable statistical test, like a chi-square test, to compare the effectiveness of the parcels. Explain how this test can be used to draw meaningful conclusions from shipment data.


“I would use a chi-square test to compare the damage rates of parcels A and B. Given the probabilities p=0.4 for A and q=0.6 for B, the test would determine if there’s a significant difference in their performance. This insight is critical for making informed decisions about packaging methods.”

25. How would you address the issue of an underpricing algorithm for a consumer product at Amazon?

At Amazon, this question is crucial for understanding how you tackle challenges related to pricing algorithms. It tests your analytical skills in identifying flaws in algorithmic approaches and your ability to devise solutions that enhance pricing accuracy and profitability.

How to Answer

Outline a structured approach to diagnose and resolve the underpricing issue. Mention reviewing the algorithm’s input data, assessing its logic, and considering market factors.


“I would start by scrutinizing the data inputs to ensure accuracy and relevance. Next, I’d examine the algorithm’s logic to identify any flaws or biases. Additionally, I’d consider external market factors like competitor pricing and demand trends to ensure the algorithm aligns with current market conditions.”

26. How would you evaluate the results of an A/B test on an eCommerce website that experimented with mentioning free shipping to increase conversions?

This scenario is particularly relevant at Amazon, where A/B testing is a common practice to optimize website elements for improved customer experience and conversion rates. It tests your ability to interpret test results and understand their implications on consumer behavior and business outcomes.

How to Answer

Discuss the importance of comparing conversion rates between control and experiment groups. Mention statistical significance testing to determine if the observed difference is likely due to the change made or if it could be due to chance.


“I would first calculate the statistical significance of the increase in conversion rate from 46% to 52%. This involves conducting a hypothesis test to see if the difference is likely due to the free shipping mention. If the p-value is below a certain threshold, say 0.05, we can conclude that the free shipping mention had a significant positive impact on conversions.”

27. How would you design a data mart or data warehouse for a new online retailer using a star schema?

This question probes your knowledge of data warehouse design, particularly using a star schema, in the context of Amazon’s large-scale data management needs. It’s crucial for Data Engineers at Amazon to create efficient, scalable data storage solutions that support extensive data analysis and reporting.

How to Answer

Explain the principles of a star schema and its suitability for a retail data warehouse. Discuss the importance of designing a schema that allows for efficient querying and scalable data management.


“In designing the data warehouse, I’d use a star schema for its simplicity and query efficiency. The central fact table would contain transaction data linked to dimension tables like products, customers, time, and vendors. This setup facilitates fast and flexible queries, essential for analyzing sales, inventory, and customer behavior.”

28. How would you build a model to predict which merchants to target for acquisition when entering a new market?

This question evaluates your skills in using predictive analytics for strategic decision-making at Amazon. Your approach to identifying potential merchant partners using data modeling is vital for Amazon’s expansion and growth in new markets.

How to Answer

Discuss the types of data you would use, such as market demographics, merchant performance metrics, and consumer behavior patterns. Explain the importance of using machine learning algorithms to identify potential high-value merchant partnerships.


“I would use a combination of market data, historical merchant performance, and consumer purchasing trends to train a predictive model. The model would identify merchants with the highest potential for success in a new market based on factors like product offering diversity, brand strength, and alignment with consumer preferences in the target market.”

29. How would you build a model to determine the most effective way to distribute different email copies to maximize conversions?

At Amazon, leveraging machine learning to optimize marketing strategies, like email campaigns, is a key aspect of a Data Engineer’s role. This question assesses your ability to use data to enhance marketing efforts, focusing on maximizing engagement and conversion through personalized content distribution.

How to Answer

Mention the use of classification algorithms to segment subscribers based on their interaction history. Discuss testing different email copies with varied segments to identify the most effective combinations.


“I’d segment the subscriber list based on their past interactions and preferences. Then, I’d use a machine learning model to predict the effectiveness of each email copy for different segments. The model would be trained on historical data, and its effectiveness measured by conversion rates from test campaigns.”

30. If your team plans to invest $1 million in a direct mail program, a strategy not previously used, what would be your short-term and long-term recommendations? How would you measure the direct impact of this investment?

This question is likely to be asked in an Amazon interview to evaluate your strategic planning and analytical skills, especially in an untested marketing domain like direct mail. As a Data Engineer, your ability to plan effectively and propose measurable outcomes is crucial for new business initiatives.

How to Answer

Discuss the importance of setting clear objectives for both short-term and long-term goals. For the short term, focus on testing and learning from small-scale pilot campaigns. For the long term, emphasize building on insights gained and scaling effectively. Mention key metrics like response rate, conversion rate, and ROI to measure the campaign’s impact.


“In the short term, I recommend starting with a pilot campaign targeting a small, segmented audience to test different messaging and offers. We should measure response rates, conversion rates, and overall engagement. In the long term, insights gained from these pilots can guide a larger-scale rollout. We would then focus on optimizing the cost-per-acquisition and overall ROI, using data analytics to continuously refine our approach based on customer feedback and conversion metrics.”

What are Tips to Succeed in an Amazon Data Engineering Interview?

We know that securing a Data Engineering role at Amazon is no easy feat. That’s why we’ve prepared these tips for you to use so you can increase your chances of succeeding in your interview.

Understand Amazon’s Leadership Principles

Amazon places a strong emphasis on its leadership principles. Familiarize yourself with these principles, as they often form the basis of interview questions. Reflect on your past experiences and prepare examples that demonstrate these principles in action.

Explore IQ’s Company Interview Guides to understand the importance of knowing a company’s leadership principles, not just Amazon’s.

Master Technical Skills

Be thoroughly prepared in core data engineering skills such as SQL, Python, data modeling, system design, and knowledge of AWS services. Amazon values technical proficiency highly, so expect technical assessments as a key part of the interview.

Test your skills with Interview Query’s technical challenges and takehomes.

Prepare for Behavioral Questions

Amazon’s interviews often include behavioral questions based on their leadership principles. Use the STAR method (Situation, Task, Action, Result) to structure your responses. This method helps in providing clear, concise, and effective answers.

Consider Interview Query’s coaching services for personalized guidance on behavioral questions.

Know Your Resume

Be ready to discuss any project or experience listed on your resume. You should be able to talk in detail about your roles, responsibilities, and the impact of your work, highlighting how your experience aligns with the role of a Data Engineer.

Use Interview Query’s mock interviews to practice discussing your resume experiences.

Practice Problem-Solving and Case Studies

Amazon may present case studies or problem-solving scenarios relevant to data engineering. Practice such questions to sharpen your analytical and problem-solving skills. Focus on how you approach a problem, break it down, and propose effective solutions.

Explore Interview Query’s learning paths to master various data engineering problem-solving scenarios.

Communicate Effectively

Clear communication is crucial. During the interview, articulate your thought process, particularly when solving technical problems. If you don’t understand a question, it’s okay to ask for clarification.

Prepare Questions for Your Interviewers

At the end of the interview, you’ll usually have the opportunity to ask questions. Prepare thoughtful questions that reflect your interest in the role, team, or Amazon’s data engineering projects.

Follow Up After the Interview

Send a thank-you email to your interviewers. This shows your appreciation for the opportunity and can leave a positive impression. Keep it brief and professional.

Share your interview experience on Interview Query to reflect on your performance and assist others.

Stay Informed About Amazon and the Tech Industry

Show that you’re informed about recent developments at Amazon and in the tech industry. This demonstrates your enthusiasm for the field and suggests that you will be an engaged and proactive team member.

Stay updated with Interview Query’s resources, including blogs and community discussions.

Be Ready for a Bar Raiser Interview

Amazon’s interview process often includes a ‘bar raiser’ - an interviewer who ensures that new hires will positively contribute to the company’s culture and standards. Be prepared for challenging questions that assess your fit with Amazon’s culture and values.

If you’re still looking for additional tips, then be sure to check out our general guide How to Prepare for a Data Engineer Interview where we discuss how to pass any interview, and not just Amazon’s.


Before we conclude our discussion, let’s first check out these questions that might help you as an applicant for Amazon’s Data Engineering role:

What is the average salary for a Data Engineer role at Amazon?


Average Base Salary


Average Total Compensation

Min: $75K
Max: $160K
Base Salary
Median: $126K
Mean (Average): $123K
Data points: 3,135
Min: $13K
Max: $296K
Total Compensation
Median: $169K
Mean (Average): $165K
Data points: 153

View the full Data Engineer at Amazon salary guide

Based on 3,135 reported salaries, the typical base salary for a Data Engineer position at Amazon is approximately $123,457.

Considering more recent salary submissions, this average increases slightly to $124,105. Additionally, the average estimated total compensation, factoring in 153 data points, stands at about $165,415, with a recent average of $163,435.

For a comprehensive breakdown, refer to our complete salary guide for Data Engineers at Amazon.

Where can I read more discussion posts on Amazon’s Data Engineering role here on IQ?

You can find more discussions about Amazon’s data engineering role on our Discussion Board. We cover topics for Entry and Mid-Level Data Engineers, featuring contributions from other users.

Are there job postings about Amazon’s Data Engineering roles here on Interview Query?

Yes, we have numerous job postings for Amazon’s Data Engineering roles here on IQ. These include positions like ‘Data Engineer Workforce Intelligence’, ‘Data Engineer Sponsored TV Ads Gaming and OTT Ads’, and ‘Senior Data Engineer Ring Data Management’, among others.

Be sure to check our Data Engineer Amazon Job Board to explore the many opportunities available to you.


As we conclude our guide on the Amazon Data Engineering interview, we would like to extend our best wishes to you.

Here at Interview Query, we hope that the insights and tips provided here effectively prepare you to succeed in your interview.

To learn more about Amazon, please visit our website and explore our comprehensive Amazon Interview Guide, which includes guides for various positions such as Business, Data, and Product Analyst, Software, Machine, and Data Engineer, and more.

You can also consider visiting Amazon’s site to check out the information in their guide as well.

If you want to focus more on content related to the role, then head over to our Ultimate Data Engineering Interview Questions Guide, where we provide an extensive list of interview questions that you can use as a reference in addition to this article.

Remember, each question is an opportunity to showcase your skills and passion for data engineering. Good luck, and we’re excited about the success that awaits you on your journey with Amazon!